Misdemeanors in Texas are crimes punishable by up to one year in local or county jail. Misdemeanors are categorized as Class A, B, or C. (Tex. Penal Code Ann. § 12.03 (2019).)
More serious crimes (felonies) are punishable by death or terms in state jail or prison. For more information on felonies in Texas, see Texas Felony Crimes by Class and Sentences.
In Texas, Class A misdemeanors are punishable by up to one year in jail, a fine of up to $4,000, or both jail time and a fine. Burglary of a vehicle and carrying a gun without a permit are examples of Class A misdemeanors. (Tex. Penal Code Ann. § 12.21 (2019).)
Under Texas's laws, a Class B misdemeanor is punishable by up to 180 days in jail, a fine of as much as $2,000, or both. For example, possession of up to two ounces of marijuana is a Class B misdemeanor. (Tex. Penal Code Ann. § 12.22 (2019).)
Class C misdemeanors in Texas are punishable by a fine of up to $500. There is no jail time for a Class C misdemeanor. Any misdemeanor that is not designated as Class A, B, or C, and has no specified punishment is a Class C misdemeanor. For instance, theft of property worth less than $100 is a Class C misdemeanor. (Tex. Penal Code Ann. §§ 12.03, 12.23 (2019).)
When a crime is committed, the statute of limitations begins to "run," which means that the state has a set period of time within which to begin criminal prosecution. A misdemeanor in Texas typically has a limitation period of two years. (Tex. Crim. Proc. Code Ann. § 12.02 (2019).)
Any criminal conviction, even a misdemeanor conviction, can have serious consequences, including time in jail and a fine. If you are charged with a crime in Texas, you should contact a local criminal defense attorney. An experienced attorney will be able to tell you how your case is likely to fare in court based on the law, the facts, and the assigned judge and prosecutor. With an attorney's help, you can obtain the best possible outcome under the circumstances.