Maine law does not allow the expungement of adult criminal records, except for convictions for Class E crimes committed by people who were 18 to 21 years old at the time of the offense. Otherwise, the state differentiates between “public criminal history record information” and “confidential criminal history information.” Your adult conviction or other criminal history record will fall into one of these categories, each of which is viewable by specific individuals or agencies, for specific purposes. (See 16 Maine Revised Statutes Annotated §§ 701 and following (2018).)
Expungement of Convictions for Class E Crimes Committed by Youthful Offenders
If you were convicted of a Class E offense committed when you were at least 18 years old but younger than 21, you may petition the court for an expungement. In order to qualify, you must:
- wait four years after completing all terms of your sentence
- have no other convictions on your record
- have not had any other charges against you dismissed as a result of deferred disposition
- have not been adjudicated as having committed a juvenile crime for which the hearing was open to the public, and
- have no other charges pending against you.
Sexual assault offenses, however, are ineligible for expungement. (15 Maine Revised Statutes Annotated §§ 2251, 2252 (2018).)
What Constitutes Confidential Criminal History Information in Maine?
Confidential information includes not just convictions, but arrests, bail records, plea bargains, indictments, sentencing, appeals, and so on. The following types of records are considered confidential:
- summons and arrest information (unless the person is a fugitive) that’s more than a year old and no active prosecution or charge is pending
- records that show that law enforcement has not referred the matter to a prosecutor, or that prosecutors have elected not to proceed, or that the grand jury has not returned a formal charge
- records that show that proceedings have been postponed for more than one year or dismissed due to the defendant’s mental state
- criminal charges that have been filed if more than one year has passed, or that have been dismissed by a judge with prejudice, or that have been dismissed following a mistrial or lack of jurisdiction in the trial court
- acquittals, but this does not include insanity pleas, and
- cases in which the defendant has been granted a full and free pardon.
(16 Maine Revised Statutes Annotated § 703 (2018).)
Who Can Access Confidential Information, and for What Purpose?
A Maine criminal justice agency can disseminate confidential criminal history record information to other criminal justice agencies, and to:
- any person who has the express right to such information, as specified by statute, court order, court rule, or court decision
- anyone under contract to conduct background checks for the state for potential law enforcement officers
- researchers under contract with a criminal justice agency
- any person who asks a criminal justice agency whether a named person was summonsed, arrested or detained; or for whom formal criminal charges were initiated on a certain date
- the public, when a public person desires information other than summons and arrest information (unless the person is a fugitive) that’s more than a year old and no active prosecution or charge is pending, and the request is made in order to announce a disposition, and the request is made within thirty days of such disposition (or anytime, if the subject consents), and
- a public entity, such as the United States Customs and Immigration Service (USCIS), for the purpose of issuing visas and granting citizenship.
(16 Maine Revised Statutes Annotated § 705 (2018).)
What Qualifies as Public Criminal History Information in Maine?
Criminal history record information is basically everything not included in “Confidential History,” explained above. Broadly speaking, it includes all convictions, whether the person has served and completed the sentence, or not.
To check and/or correct your criminal record, contact the State Bureau of Identification.
Obtaining a Pardon in Maine
If you were convicted of a crime in Maine, the only way to clear your record is to receive a pardon. To qualify, you must wait at least five years from the date that you completed your sentence. Certain offenses—including driving under the influence—cannot be pardoned under Maine law.
You can find information about pardons by visiting the website of the Maine Department of Corrections.
Getting Legal Help
Because Maine offers so few options for sealing records, the process of cleaning up your criminal history can be tricky. To learn more, you should contact a qualified criminal law attorney. A good lawyer can assess your personal situation and guide you each step of the way.