Ohio Criminal Statute of Limitations

Below is a summary of the statute of limitation periods for criminal cases in Ohio. Statutes of limitations set forth the time period within which the state must commence a case for a crime. If the state tries to bring an action against someone after the applicable time period has passed, the person charged can have the case dismissed. In general, violent crimes have a longer statute of limitations, and with some crimes there is no statute of limitations. In certain instances, the statute of limitations may be tolled, or suspended, which grants the state additional time to commence a legal action.

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 2901.13

Murder: no statute of limitations

Felony: six years

Misdemeanor (except a minor misdemeanor): 2 years

Minor misdemeanor: 6 months

Involuntary and voluntary manslaughter; kidnapping; rape; sexual battery; unlawful sexual contact with minor; gross sexual imposition; compelling prostitution; aggravated arson; treason; nuclear and chemical weapon violations; robbery; burglary; inciting a riot; felonious or aggravated assault; assault against a police officer; or conspiracy or attempt to commit any of above: 20 years

Fraud or breach of fiduciary duty: 1 year after discovery

Identity fraud: 5 years after discovery

Misconduct by public servant: anytime while person remains in office or 2 years thereafter (same for someone who assists in misconduct by public servant)

Abuse or neglect of child under 18 or of mentally retarded, developmentally disabled, or physically impaired child under 21: when victim reaches age of majority, or when public agency has been notified

Tolling Provisions

The period of limitation does not run during any time that:

  • evidence remains undiscovered
  • the accused purposely avoids prosecution (leaves the state or conceals identity or whereabouts)
  • a prosecution against the accused based on the same conduct is pending in the state

Back to State Criminal Defense Statutes

Talk to a Lawyer

Start here to find criminal defense lawyers near you.

How it Works

  1. Briefly tell us about your case
  2. Provide your contact information
  3. Choose attorneys to contact you

Talk to a Defense attorney

We've helped 95 clients find attorneys today.

How It Works

  1. Briefly tell us about your case
  2. Provide your contact information
  3. Choose attorneys to contact you