In Iowa, felonies are crimes that are punishable by incarceration in state prison for terms of two years or more. Felonies in Iowa are designated as class “A,” “B,” “C,” or “D.”
Iowa is distinct from most other states because in Iowa, misdemeanors (less serious crimes) are punishable by up to two years, rather than one year, in county or local jail.
For more information on misdemeanors in Iowa, see Iowa Misdemeanor Crimes by Class and Sentences.
Class “A” Felony
A class “A” felony is the most serious type of felony, punishable by life imprisonment. (Iowa Code § 902.1.) Sexual assaults that cause serious injury are class “A” felonies.
For more information on Iowa’s penalties for sex crimes, see Iowa Sexual Battery Laws.
Class “B” Felony
A class “B” felony is punishable by up to 25 years in prison. (Iowa Code § 902.9.) Possession of between 100 and 1,000 kilograms of marijuana is a class “B” felony.
For more information on penalties for crimes involving marijuana, see Iowa Marijuana Laws.
Class “C” Felony
Class “C” felonies are punishable by a prison term of up to ten years and a fine of $1,000 to $10,000. (Iowa Code § 902.9.) For example, assaults that are intended to and do cause serious injury are punishable as class “C” felonies.
For more information on punishment for assault in Iowa, see Iowa Felony Assault Laws.
Class “D” Felony
A class “D” felony is punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of $750 to $7,500. (Iowa Code § 902.9.) Pimping is a class “D” felony.
For more information on penalties for prostitution and related crimes in Iowa, see Prostitution, Pimping, and Pandering Laws in Iowa.
Some criminal statutes also impose fines for specific crimes. For example, a court can, in addition to the prison sentence explained above, impose a fine of $5,000 to $100,000 on a person convicted of possession of between 100 and 1,000 kilograms of marijuana. (Iowa Code § 124.401.)
Statutes of Limitations
A statute of limitations is a time limit after which a prosecutor can no longer bring criminal charges. Usually, more serious crimes have longer statutes of limitations.
For more information, see Iowa Criminal Statute of Limitations.
Obtaining Legal Assistance
A felony conviction in Iowa can have extremely serious consequences, which can remain long after a sentence has been served and can include trouble obtaining a job or going to school. The best way to avoid a felony conviction is to talk to an experienced criminal defense attorney. An attorney can help you understand the legal process and make the best arguments to protect your rights.