Connecticut Statutory Rape Laws
Statutes governing Connecticut's age of consent, associated criminal charges, available defenses, and penalties for conviction.
In Connecticut, it is illegal for an adult (someone 18 or older) to have sex with a minor (someone 16 or younger), even if the sex is consensual. Those who break the law have committed statutory rape.
Statutory rape laws are premised on the assumption that minors are incapable of giving informed consent to sexual activities. Their incapacity is written into the statute—hence the term, “statutory” rape. The age of consent can vary among states, and some states differentiate between consensual sex between minors who are close in age (for example, two teenagers of the same age), as opposed to sex between a minor and a much older adult.
Though statutory rape does not require that the prosecutor prove an assault, it is still rape. Of course, rape that does involve force or an assault is illegal in Connecticut and prosecuted as forcible rape (see Connecticut Sexual Battery Laws). Assaults of a sexual nature may also be charged under the state’s assault and battery laws (to learn more, see Aggravated Assault Laws in Connecticut). For information on child enticement and abuse laws, see Child Enticement in Connecticut.
Statutory Rape and Penalties
Statutory rape is prosecuted under Connecticut’s sexual assault laws. Penalties depend on the ages of the defendant and victim, and the conduct that occurred, as described below.
First degree sexual assault includes sexual intercourse (penetration, however slight with a body part or object) between a minor who is 12 or younger and a defendant who is more than two years older than the victim. This offense is a class A felony, which incurs a fine of up to $20,000, at least ten (and up to 25) years in prison, or both.
Second degree sexual assault includes sexual intercourse between a minor who is 14 or 15 and a defendant who is more than two years older than the victim. This offense is a class B felony, which incurs a fine of up to $15,000, at least one year (and up to 20 years) in prison, or both.
Fourth degree sexual assault includes sexual contact (without penetration) between a minor who is 14 or younger and a defendant or any age. his offense is a class D felony, which incurs a fine of up to $5,000, at least one year (and up to five years) in prison, or both.
(Ct. Gen. Stat. § 53a-70, 53a-71, & 53a-73a.)
Defenses to a Statutory Rape Charge
Defendants charged with statutory rape have the usual defenses available to all criminal defendants, such as “Someone else committed this crime, ” or “The alleged conduct did not occur.” One or more of the following defenses may also apply.
Statutory rape marital exception
Connecticut has a marital exemption for statutory rape that allows married people to have consensual sex even if their ages would prohibit it if they were not married.
Minors are legally incapable of giving consent to having sex; so for example, if Jen, a 15 year old willingly has sex with Tony, her 23 year old boyfriend, Tony can be charged with rape, since Jen is not legally capable of giving consent in the first place.
But if Jen and Tony are married and living in Connecticut, Tony need not fear criminal charges for having consensual sex with Jen. This is because Connecticut has a marital exemption to the Connecticut statutory rape laws.
However, if Tony were to rape Jen (force her to have sex against her will), he would have no protection under the law even if the two are married. For information about rape between spouses, see Connecticut Marital Rape Laws.
“Romeo and Juliet” exception
Named after Shakespeare’s young lovers, “Romeo and Juliet” exceptions are intended to prevent serious criminal charges against teenagers who engage in consensual sex with others close to their own age. In Connecticut, there is a Romeo and Juliet exemption for consensual sex between minors who are two or fewer years apart in age.
Mistake of age
Defendants accused of statutory rape often claim that they had no reason to know that their partner was underage. They may argue that the victim herself represented that she was older than she was, and that a reasonable person would have believed her. but as in most states, in Connecticut mistake of age isnota defense.
See a Lawyer
If you are facing a statutory rape charge, consider consulting with an experienced criminal defense attorney who regularly practices in your area. A lawyer can evaluate the strength of the prosecution’s case against you and help develop any defenses that might apply to your case.
A lawyer can often negotiate with the prosecutor for a lesser charge or a reduction in penalties (such as, for example, probation instead of prison time); and will know how prosecutors and judges typically handle cases like yours.
Help for Sexual Assault and Rape Survivors
If you are a victim of sexual assault or rape, contact Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN) for online help and local resources.