New Mexico Gun Laws

Learn about gun control laws, gun permit requirements, and penalties in New Mexico.

In New Mexico, adults may purchase and openly carry firearms in public without a permit. However, you must obtain a concealed handgun permit to carry a concealed gun on (or near) your body. (N.M. Stat. Ann. § 29-19-4.)

For more information, see Open and Concealed Gun Carrying Laws in New Mexico.

How to Obtain a Concealed Handgun Permit in New Mexico

To qualify for a concealed handgun permit, you must be:

  • at least 21 years old
  • a United States citizen
  • a New Mexico resident (or an armed services member or dependent whose permanent duty station is in New Mexico), and
  • able to show that you have completed a firearms safety training course.

Additionally, you must NOT be:

  • convicted or under indictment for a felony offense, or have been convicted of certain crimes involving violence (including domestic crimes), drugs, or alcohol
  • a fugitive from justice
  • someone who has been adjudicated as mentally incompetent or have been committed to a mental institution
  • addicted to alcohol or controlled substances, or
  • prohibited by federal law from possessing a firearm.

(N.M. Stat. Ann. § 29-19-4.)

Does New Mexico Recognize Concealed Handgun Permits From Other States?

Yes. New Mexico recognizes valid concealed handgun permits from some other states. If you have a license from a reciprocal state, your license is valid in New Mexico.

A current list of reciprocal states is available at the New Mexico Department of Public Safety’s website.

Penalties for Failing to Obtain a Concealed Handgun License

It is a petty misdemeanor to carry a deadly weapon without a permit in New Mexico. Penalties include any or all of the following:

  • a fine of up to $500
  • up to six months in jail
  • up to six months probation
  • community service, or
  • counseling.

(N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-2.)

Getting Legal Help

If you have any questions about whether you are allowed to carry a gun in New Mexico, or if you are facing charges for a gun permit violation, consult a qualified criminal defense lawyer.

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