Sexually transmitted diseases, sometimes known as venereal diseases, are diseases that are transferred between people primarily as a result of sexual contact. Some of these diseases can be treated or cured while others, such as human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, are not curable and can lead to death.
Question If someone is being treated for an STD and practices safe sex, can the person be charged with transmission of an STD? Answer The use of condoms is not necessarily a defense to the criminal transmission of a sexually transmitted disease (STD). However, most prosecutions occur against people who do not practice safe sex.
While laws vary from state to state, in many places public health officials or prosecutors can commit or confine a person who knows that he or she has a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and intentionally engages in unprotected sex with others despite the infection. These confinements are in addition to possible criminal sentences to jail or prison.