Stun Gun Laws in Maryland

Learn about stun gun laws as well as possession requirements in Maryland.

A stun gun (popularly also known as a Taser, the main maker of stun guns) is a portable device designed as a weapon capable of injuring, immobilizing, or inflicting pain on an individual by the discharge of electrical current.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-109.)

This article describes Maryland state law regarding who may not have a stun gun, and the circumstances or situations when carrying a stun gun is illegal in the state.

To learn more about how stun guns work, and how permitting laws vary by state, see States Requiring a Stun Gun Permit.

People Who May Not Carry a Stun Gun in Maryland

In Maryland, most people may purchase, possess (openly or concealed), or use a nonlethal stun gun for self-defense without obtaining a permit. However, you may not purchase, possess, or use a stun gun if you have been:

  • convicted of a crime of violence (such as rape, murder, and certain assaults), or
  • convicted of distributing, possessing with intent to distribute, or dispensing a controlled dangerous substance.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-109.)

Maryland law also limits minors’ possession of stun guns. Those under the age of 18 may not possess or use a stun gun.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-109.)

A number of Marylandcities (including Annapolis and Baltimore) and counties (such as Baltimore County and Howard County) have banned the possession or use of a stun gun, so be sure to check with your local municipality for stun gun regulations in your area.

Situations or Circumstances Where Carrying a Stun Gun is Illegal

In Maryland, it is illegal to carry a concealed stun gun for purposes other than self-defense. It is also illegal to carry a stun gun (openly or concealed) with the intent to unlawfully injure another individual.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-101.)

It is unclear whether Maryland law prohibits the possession of stun guns on public school property. Maryland prohibits the possession of deadly weapons on public school grounds, and whether a stun gun is a deadly weapon would need to be proven in court. To be safe, check with the local school administration before carrying a stun gun onto school property. Peace officers and specified others are exempt from this rule.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-102.)

Penalties for Stun Gun Carry Violations

It is a misdemeanor to carry a concealed stun gun for purposes other than self-defense. Penalties include a fine of up to $1,000, up to 3 years in prison, or both. The penalty for possession (openly or concealed) of a stun gun for the deliberate purpose of injuring or killing another is a fine of $1,000 and 3 years in prison.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-101.)

It is a misdemeanor for minors, persons convicted of a crime of violence, and persons convicted of controlled substance distribution to possess or use a stun gun. Penalties include a fine of up to $500, up to 2 months in jail, or both.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-109.)

It is a felony for minors, persons convicted of a crime of violence, and persons convicted of controlled substance distribution to possess or use a stun gun while committing a crime of violence. Penalties include a fine of up to $5,000, up to 3 years in prison, or both.

(Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-109.)

Getting Legal Help

If you have any questions about whether you are allowed to purchase, carry, or use a gun in Maryland, or if you are facing charges for a stun gun violation, consult a qualified criminal defense lawyer.

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