Open and Concealed Gun Carry Laws in Missouri
NOLO Local Defense Lawyers
Enter your zip code to find local criminal defense lawyers.
Missouri protects the right to bear arms under Article I, Section 23 of the state constitution, but this does not mean that everyone may carry a gun, or that you may always carry a gun wherever you like. Missouri requires a license to carry a concealed weapon on (or near) you body, unless you are on your own property. (Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.4.)
For more information on permitting laws, see Gun Permit Laws in Missouri.
The following sections explain who may not have a gun, and the circumstances or situations when carrying a gun is illegal.
People Who May Not Carry a Gun in Missouri
The following individuals are prohibited from carrying a weapon in Missouri.
- those younger than 19 years old (or 18 if a member of the armed forces)
- non-United States citizens
- non-Missouri residents (unless you are an armed forces member or dependent stationed in Missouri)
- convicted felons
- fugitives from justice
- those convicted of certain specified misdemeanors (including certain convictions having to do with driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol within the last five years)
- people who have been dishonorably discharged from the armed services
- those who have been involved in documented patterns of behavior that leads the licensing authority to believe that you would be a danger to yourself or others if you were to possess a firearm
- those adjudicated as mentally incompetent in the last five years, or committed to a mental health facility
- people with a protection or restraining order against them
- people otherwise prohibited from possessing a firearm under federal law
(Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.101.2.)
Situations or Circumstances Where Carrying a Gun is Illegal
It is illegal to carry a concealed firearm without a permit. But even with a permit, it is illegal to carry loaded, concealed weapons in some locations. These include:
- school facilities (including daycares), on school busses, or at school-sponsored events
- places of worship
- polling places on election days
- establishments that serve alcohol where at least half of the establishment’s revenue is from such sales (like bars and nightclubs, but not most restaurants)
- riverboats and gambling establishments
- amusement parks and certain large sports stadiums
- public hospitals
- jails, prisons, juvenile detention, or other correctional institutes
- police, sheriff, or highway patrol stations or offices
- state or federal government buildings (including courthouses)
- local government assemblies and meetings
- private property on which the owner has posted a conspicuous sign prohibiting weapons,
- and any place prohibited by federal law.
(Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.)
Getting Legal Help
If you have any questions about whether you are allowed to carry a gun in Missouri, or if you are facing charges for a gun violation, consult a qualified criminal defense lawyer.