In Idaho, crimes may be classified as felonies (more serious crimes) or misdemeanors (less serious crimes). Felonies are punishable by time in state prison.
(Idaho Code Ann. §§ 18-110, 18-111.)
For more information on misdemeanors in Idaho, see Idaho Misdemeanor Crimes by Class and Sentences.
Idaho’s laws no longer designate crimes by class (such as “class A felony” or “level 1 felony”). Instead, Idaho designates crimes as misdemeanors or felonies and fixes sentences on a crime-by-crime basis.
The most serious crimes are punishable by the death penalty or life imprisonment. For example, rape is punishable by up to life in prison. (Idaho Code Ann. § 18-6104.)
For more information on Idaho’s penalties for sex crimes, see Idaho Sexual Battery Laws.
Assault with a deadly weapon is punishable by up to five years in prison, or a fine of up to $5,000, or both, or up to 15 years in prison, depending on the circumstances. (Idaho Code Ann. §§ 18-905, 18-906, 18-907, 18-908.)
For more information on these crimes and penalties, see Idaho Aggravated Assault and Battery Laws.
Felonies for which no sentence is specified in the statute are punishable by up to five years in prison, or a fine of up to $50,000, or both.
(Idaho Code Ann. §§ 18-111A, 18-112, 18-112A.)
Statutes of Limitations
A statute of limitations is a time period during which a prosecutor must file criminal charges or no charges can ever be brought. The statute of limitations begins to “run” when the crime is committed.
Certain very serious crimes, such as murder and sex crimes against children, have no statutes of limitations.
For more information, see Idaho Criminal Statute of Limitations.
The Value of Legal Representation
If you are charged with a crime, you should contact a local criminal defense attorney as soon as possible. A felony conviction can result in severe and lasting consequences. In addition to time in prison and a fine, a felony conviction can make it difficult to find a job or obtain certain government benefits. Talking to an attorney is the best way to ensure that you understand the criminal justice process and can protect your rights.