Marijuana possession, sale, and manufacture are regulated by both state and federal law. In Maryland, marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance, which means that it has a high potential for abuse and no generally recognized medical value. (Md. Ann. Code § 5-402.) However, despite being a Schedule I drug, Maryland may allow medical marijuana use under limited circumstances. And while not covered in this article, it is also a crime to drive under the influence of marijuana in Maryland.
To learn about Maryland's medical marijuana laws, see Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws.
For information about charges and penalties for driving under the influence of marijuana in Maryland, see Driving Under the Influence of Marijuana in Maryland.
It is a crime to knowingly or intentionally possess any amount of marijuana Maryland (even small amounts for personal use). A violation is a misdemeanor, punishable with up to one year in jail, a fine of up to $1,000, or both. (Md. Ann. Code § 5-601.)
It is illegal to knowingly cultivate marijuana plants or to sell marijuana in Maryland. Penalties vary according to the amount cultivated or sold, with additional penalties for sales in a school zone. (Md. Ann. Code § § 5-602, 5-607, 5-608.)
Trafficking five or more kilograms of marijuana into Maryland from out of state is illegal. Amounts less than five kilograms are treated as possession for sale crimes, with penalties described above. Trafficking penalties vary according to the amount brought into state.
It is a illegal in Maryland to possess, use, advertise, or sell drug paraphernalia. Paraphernalia includes items used in growing, harvesting, processing, selling, storing, or using marijuana. Penalties vary according to whether the violation is a first or subsequent offense, with additional penalties for sales to a minor. (Md. Ann. Code § 5-619.)
If you have been charged with a marijuana-related offense, consult an experienced criminal defense attorney. While the penalties and consequences of a marijuana charge are governed by statutory law, only a local criminal defense attorney can tell you how cases like yours tend to be handled by prosecutors and judges in your courthouse.